9 Oldest Cat Species in 2024

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When we journey back through time, we uncover captivating tales of the oldest cat species, revealing the remarkable history of these feline pioneers.

These ancient cats, whose lineage spans millions of years, stand as symbols of the enduring strength and evolutionary brilliance of the entire cat family.

From the sunlit plains of ancient Asia to the cozy corners of our modern homes, these venerable ancestors have shaped the course of our shared existence in profound ways.

In the distant past, when the world looked vastly different, these cats roamed diverse landscapes, adapting and thriving amidst changing environments.

Over countless millennia, they honed their hunting skills and survival instincts, evolving into apex predators capable of navigating the challenges of their time.

As we delve deeper into the story of these ancient felines, we uncover a rich tapestry of diversity and complexity.

From the awe-inspiring saber-toothed cats that once stalked prehistoric savannas to the resilient wildcats that still roam remote corners of the globe, each species offers a glimpse into a unique chapter of feline evolution.

Exploring the history of these oldest cat species is akin to embarking on an adventure through time, where each discovery unveils new insights into the wondrous world of cats and their enduring legacy on our planet.

Oldest cat species


Originating from Thailand (formerly Siam), Siamese cats are not only known for their striking blue almond-shaped eyes and short coat with color points, but also for their vocal and sociable nature.

They are one of the oldest and most recognizable cat breeds, believed to have been kept by Siamese royalty centuries ago.

Siamese Cat


This ancient breed is believed to have originated in Egypt, although its exact origins are uncertain. Abyssinians are characterized by their distinctive “ticked” tabby coat, which gives them a wild appearance.

They are highly active, playful, and affectionate cats, often forming strong bonds with their human companions.

Norwegian Forest Cat:

Native to Norway, these cats have a fascinating history intertwined with Norse mythology. They are well-known for their long, thick, water-repellent coat and tufted ears, tail, and paws, which help them adapt to cold climates.

Norwegian Forest Cats are often depicted in Norse legends as mystical creatures guarding the forests.

Norwegian Forest Cat

Japanese Bobtail:

Originating from Japan, Japanese Bobtails are known for their distinctive bobbed tails, which are the result of a natural genetic mutation.

They have a friendly and sociable nature, often forming strong bonds with their human families. In Japanese culture, they are considered symbols of good luck and prosperity.


Hailing from Russia, Siberian cats are well-adapted to harsh climates, with a dense triple-layered coat that helps protect them from the cold.

They are known for their strong, muscular build and playful, affectionate nature. Siberian cats have a long history in Russian folklore and were believed to bring good fortune to their owners.

Siberian Cat


This ancient breed is believed to have originated in France, where it was historically prized for its hunting prowess. Chartreux cats are known for their distinctive blue-gray coat, which is dense and water-resistant.

They have a muscular build and a sweet, gentle temperament, making them beloved companions for centuries.

Egyptian Mau:

As the name suggests, this breed has ancient roots in Egypt, where it was revered as a symbol of grace and beauty. Egyptian Maus are known for their spotted coat, large green eyes, and athletic, active nature.

They have a long history of being valued as companions and are often depicted in ancient Egyptian artwork.

Egyptian Mau Cat

Turkish Angora:

Originating from Turkey, Turkish Angoras are known for their long, silky white coat and striking blue or amber eyes. They have a playful and intelligent nature, often forming strong bonds with their human families.

Turkish Angoras have a rich history in Turkey, where they were prized as sacred cats and kept in royal households.

Maine Coon:

Native to the United States, Maine Coons are one of the largest domestic cat breeds, known for their tufted ears, bushy tails, and semi-longhaired coats.

They have a friendly, laid-back demeanor and are often described as “gentle giants.” Maine Coons have a storied history in American folklore, with many legends surrounding their origins, including tales of them being the offspring of domestic cats and raccoons.

Each of these oldest cat species carries with it a unique blend of physical characteristics, temperament, and historical significance, contributing to the rich diversity of the feline world.

Learn more about distinctive traits like round ears and big round eyes in our articles about cats with round ears and cat breeds with big round eyes.

Maine Coon Cat

How old is the oldest cat?

The age of the oldest cat is quite remarkable, as it speaks to the potential longevity of these beloved pets. Guinness World Records recognizes Creme Puff, a cat from Austin, Texas, as the oldest cat ever recorded.

Creme Puff was alive for an amazing 38 years and 3 days. Such extraordinary longevity in cats is exceedingly rare and represents an exceptional case.

Most domestic cats typically live between 12 to 20 years, with some reaching their late teens or early twenties. Factors such as genetics, diet, environment, and access to veterinary care play significant roles in determining a cat’s lifespan.

Proper nutrition is essential for maintaining a cat’s health throughout their life. A balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs helps support their immune system, organ function, and overall well-being.

Additionally, regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care help detect and manage any health issues early on, potentially extending a cat’s lifespan.

Environmental factors also influence a cat’s longevity. Providing a safe, stimulating, and stress-free environment can contribute to their overall health and happiness.

Indoor cats, for example, may be protected from outdoor hazards such as traffic accidents, predators, and infectious diseases, potentially leading to a longer life expectancy.

While reaching the age of 38, like Creme Puff, is incredibly rare, it underscores the importance of attentive care and a loving relationship between cats and their human companions.

Each cat is unique, and by providing them with the best possible care, we can help them live fulfilling and healthy lives for as long as possible.

How old is the oldest cat?

How long do cats live?


The genetics of a cat, including its breed and ancestry, can significantly influence its lifespan. Some breeds are known for their longevity, while others may be predisposed to certain health conditions that can impact lifespan.

Additionally, cats with mixed ancestry may inherit a combination of genetic traits that affect their overall health and longevity.

Diet and Nutrition:

Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for supporting a cat’s health and longevity. Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning they require a diet rich in animal protein and essential nutrients like taurine.

Feeding a high-quality commercial cat food or a balanced homemade diet recommended by a veterinarian can help ensure that cats receive the nutrients they need to thrive throughout their lives.

Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for supporting a cat's health and longevity.


The living environment plays a crucial role in a cat’s lifespan. Indoor cats generally live longer than outdoor cats due to reduced exposure to hazards such as traffic accidents, predators, and infectious diseases.

Creating a safe and stimulating indoor environment with access to toys, scratching posts, and perches can help promote a cat’s physical and mental well-being.


Regular veterinary care is essential for maintaining a cat’s health and detecting any potential health issues early on. This includes routine check-ups, vaccinations, parasite prevention, and dental care.

Spaying or neutering cats also has health benefits and can prevent certain reproductive-related diseases. Additionally, prompt treatment of illnesses and proactive management of chronic conditions can help extend a cat’s lifespan.


Providing opportunities for mental and physical stimulation is important for promoting a cat’s overall health and longevity.

Engaging in regular play sessions, providing environmental enrichment, and offering opportunities for exercise help keep cats mentally stimulated and physically fit.

Maintaining a healthy weight through portion control and regular exercise can also reduce the risk of obesity-related health issues and contribute to a longer lifespan.

By addressing these factors and providing attentive care, cat owners can help ensure that their feline companions live long, healthy, and happy lives.

While individual lifespans may vary, taking proactive steps to promote a cat’s well-being can greatly enhance its quality of life for years to come.

Providing opportunities for mental and physical stimulation is important for promoting a cat's overall health and longevity.

FAQs about Oldest Cat Species:

Are these oldest cat species still popular today?

Yes, many of these ancient cat breeds remain popular choices for pet owners worldwide. Their rich history, distinctive appearances, and unique personalities continue to captivate cat enthusiasts of all ages.

What ancient myths or legends surround these oldest cat species?

Throughout history, these cat breeds have been the subject of myths and legends in various cultures. From tales of sacred Egyptian cats to Norse myths featuring mystical Norwegian Forest Cats, these ancient felines have left their mark on folklore and storytelling.

Do these oldest cat species have any unique behaviors or quirks?

Absolutely! Each breed has its own set of behaviors and quirks that make them stand out. For example, the Abyssinian is known for its playful and curious nature, while the Turkish Angora is prized for its affectionate and vocal personality.

Are there any famous cats that belong to these oldest cat species?

Yes, several famous cats throughout history have belonged to these ancient breeds. From the Siamese cat named “Siam” gifted to President Rutherford B. Hayes to “Waldo,” the Maine Coon cat that served as the mascot for the ship USS Maine, these feline celebrities have left pawprints on history.

Can I find these oldest cat species in shelters or rescues?

While purebred cats of these ancient breeds may be less common in shelters, it’s not impossible to find them. Additionally, there are breed-specific rescue organizations dedicated to finding homes for cats of all breeds, including these ancient feline companions.


In conclusion, the world of cats is rich with diversity, history, and wonder, as exemplified by the oldest cat species. From the ancient Egyptian Mau to the majestic Norwegian Forest Cat, these breeds offer a glimpse into the enduring relationship between humans and cats throughout history.

By celebrating the unique traits and stories of each breed, we honor the legacy of these remarkable feline companions and deepen our appreciation for the bond between cats and humans.

Whether as cherished pets or guardians of ancient traditions, these oldest cat species continue to captivate and enchant cat lovers around the world.

Dive deeper into the world of famous cats with our article on what type of cat Garfield is.

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